New Questions And Ideas: Class 6 History NCERT Chapter 7

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 History Chapter 7 – New Questions And Ideas

In the previous chapter 6, you learnt how men became kings and how they ruled the kingdom and changes in agriculture in the kingdom. In this chapter, of NCERT history class 6:New Questions And Ideas, we will study how Buddha and Mahavira attained enlightenment and how they spread their knowledge and learning about the real meaning of life to common people.

Quick revision notes

The Sangha:

Both Mahavira and Buddha felt that lone the individuals who surrendered common life and became priests could increase genuine information. Also, They set up associations called Sanghas where these priests invested a lot of their energy in strict investigations and contemplation.


Fain and Buddhist priests went here and there, and in this manner, the requirement for progressively lasting safe houses was felt. Thus, religious communities were assembled, which were known as Viharas.

Four Ashramas:

In Upanishadic times, the life of an upper-standing man was separated into four phases called Ashramas. These were Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Sanyasa. Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaishya men were relied upon to lead their carries on with as indicated by them, yet this was not followed unbendingly.

Lessons of Mahavira:

Firstly, Mahavira accepted that an individual’s situation in life relies upon the karma of his past life. He lectured ahimsa. He taught his adherents not to lie, take or execute. His devotees were known as ‘Jains’, who had straightforward existences and asked for food.


Gautama (Siddhartha), the originator of Buddhism, was conceived at Lumbini around 2500 years back. During those days, certain progressions occurred in the general public of the Mahajanapadas. Disappointed with such changes, numerous scholars surrendered common life, went to woods for contemplation and Buddha looked for the genuine importance of life.

Buddha’s Enlightenment:

He ventured out from home at 30 years old and achieved edification under a ‘peepal tree’ at Bodh Gaya in Bihar. Buddha conveyed his first message at Sarnath. He lectured in Prakrit, the language expressed by the ordinary citizens.


Various scholars attempted to discover answers to troublesome inquiries. These masterminds were of the view that there was the atman or the individual soul and the Brahmin or the general soul. Upanishads give a lot of significance to Brahmin, the all-inclusive soul.


Jainism was established by Vardhamana Mahavira of the Vajji Gana-sangha. He ventured out from home at 30 years old and went to live in the timberland. For a long time, he drove a hard and desolate life yet at last achieved illumination.

Siddhartha (Gautama), who established Buddhism, was brought into the world around, 2500 years back. He had a place with a ‘gana’ called the Sakya ‘gana’.

He left his home looking for information. Also, He pondered and got illuminated in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. He lectured without precedent for Sarnath. He lectured of sufferings and despondency throughout everyday life. Also, he instructed in the language of the normal individuals, Prakrit.

Different masterminds likewise needed to think about eternal life and about penances. So, their thoughts were recorded in the Upanishads, some portion of the later Vedic writings.

Gargi was a lady mastermind. Satyakama Jabala was a slave scholar.

The organizer of Jainism was Vardhamana Mahavira. He was in the Vajji ‘sangha’. Likewise, he drove an actual existence like that of Buddha. Also, He said that the individuals who wish to realize reality must leave their homes. He discussed ‘ahimsa’. Also, He educated in Prakrit

Jainas needed to lead basic lives, asking for food, being straightforward and men needed to shed their garments. The Jainism lessons were composed just because around 1500 years prior.

The standards for the Buddhist ‘Sangha’ were recorded in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.

Priests of Buddhism and Jainism began living in religious communities known at ‘Viharas’. The most punctual ‘Viharas’ were made of wood and afterwards block.

New Questions And Ideas: Jainism


The Jain principle of ‘ahimsa’ signifies not harming or executing living creatures. As per Mahavira, each living being “aches to live”.


The individual soul which stays lasting known to a man much after we bite the dust was called ‘atman’ by the masterminds.


The religion established by the Buddha (Gautama/Siddhartha) was Buddhism.


The religion established by Vardhamana Mahavira is called Jainism.


Our activities have been alluded to by Buddha as ‘Karma’. Buddha said our ‘Karma’ – positive or negative – influence us both in this life and the following life.


The craving for additional things has been portrayed by the Buddha as thirst or ‘tanha’.


The Upanishads were a piece of the later Vedic writings. The word actually signifies ‘drawing nearer and sitting close’.


The religious communities where priests lives were called ‘Viharas’.

Around, 2500 years prior (around 500 BC) –

Upanishadic scholars lectured.

Around, 2500 years prior (around 500 BC) –

Mahavira and the Buddha lectured.

Around 1500 years prior (around 500 AD) –

the Jaina writings were recorded.

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