Understanding Diversity: Class 6 Civics NCERT Chapter 1

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 – Understanding Diversity

In chapter 1 of NCERT class 6 civics: Understanding diversity, we will learn how diversity adds to our lives. We will also look at how India is one of the most diverse countries in terms of culture, religion, and various other factors.

Quick revision notes

What is Diversity?

Before getting into the in-depth concept of Diversity, we must initially start with finding a relatable example and understand what Diversity means. Suppose that a group of children belonging to the same age group is approached to draw human figures. As a result, we will find each drawing to be unique in relation to one another, as every kid would have a different style of drawing. Similarly, each child in the group too would be different and unique than one another. This causes a simple understanding for students to perceive what they share in common and how different they are from one another.

Understanding Diversity In India

India is a country that is popular for its extraordinarily decent varieties including different languages, various types of cuisines, a variety of festivals, celebrations, and religions, etc. However, on the other hand, a lot of similarities exist between these differences as well. 

Defining Diversity

Long ago at some point about 200 years ago, there was no availability of trains, planes, transport or vehicles. People used to travel by ships, by ponies, horses, camels, or by walking in search of new habitat or trading. There were times when they used to stay back at a spot for quite a while or leave their homes due to the shortage of food, resources, or challenging climate. In this exchange and conversion of habitat, some made their home at new places and offered to ascend to a blend of the old and new in their lifestyle, food, language, music, religion, etc.

Different social backgrounds help to shape different lives and cultures in certain regions, making them exceptionally unique in light of their mixed history. Similarly, diversity also additionally comes around when people adjust their lives to the geological region where they live. For instance, living in the hills is different than living close to the ocean. Eating habits and patterns and apparel of people are unique in various districts. Likewise, the sort of work they do is different as well.

 Extra Notes

Understanding Diversity in India


Ladakh is located in the northeastern sloping piece of Jammu and Kashmir. In this desert territory, almost no farming is conceivable. This is on the grounds that the spot doesn’t get bountiful precipitation and is normally secured with a day off. In any event, for drinking water, individuals need to rely upon the softening water from the mountains in the mid-year months. 

Understanding Diversity: Pashmina Shawls

In Ladakh, individuals back sheep and the fleece. The fleece obtained here is exceptionally extraordinary and costly. It is known as the Pashmina fleece. Ladakhis cautiously gather this fleece and offer it to the neighborhood merchants. Pashmina wraps are woven in Kashmir. 

Here the individuals eat meat and milk items. Each family has a few cows, goats, and dzos (Yak-dairy animals). Notwithstanding Ladakh being a desert, it has pulled in numerous merchants and it additionally has numerous goes, for instance, Tibet. The parades here exchange fleece, flavors, crude silk, and materials. 

In Ladakh, Buddhism came by means of Tibet and along these lines, the city is otherwise called Little Tibet. Around 400 years back, Islam was presented in this area. The neighborhood form of the Tibetian national epic “Kesar adventure” is sung both by Muslims and Buddhists. 


Kerala is arranged in the southwestern piece of India. It is encircled via ocean on one side and the slopes on the opposite side. Plenty of flavors becomes here. It is a direct result of these flavors that Kerala is very famous among the brokers. Jewish and Arabs were the first to come here. 

Somewhere in the range of 2000 years prior, Apostle of Christ, St. Thomas came here. It was a result of him that Christianity came to India. Before 700 years prior, Ibn Battuta additionally made a trip to Kerala. He composed a travelogue depicting Muslims as the exceptionally regarded network. At the point when Portuguese were finding ocean course from Europe to India, Vasco da Gama first arrived here. It is a direct result of all these verifiable impacts that Kerala rehearses a differing gathering of religions. 

Festivals in Kerela

Festival in Kerela

In Kerala, the fishing nets that are utilized are actually similar to the Chinese fishing nets and are called as Cheena-Vala. The utensils that are utilized for broiling are called Cheenachatti. In general, the word cheena was utilized to portray something that may have originated from China. The land in Kerala is fruitful and appropriate for developing different harvests. Individuals here eat chiefly rice, fish, and vegetables.

Unity In Diversity 

Unity and Diversity run corresponding to one another in India. In India we discover individuals communicating in different dialects, celebrating various celebrations, eating various foods, rehearsing various religions yet at the same time all live respectively cheerfully as Indians. The assorted variety in India has consistently been its quality. In any event, during the British principle, individuals from various social, strict, and territorial foundations met up to contradict them. 

India’s opportunity development had a great many individuals of various foundations in it. They cooperated to choose joint activities, they went to prison together, and they discovered various approaches to restrict the British. Indeed, India’s National song of devotion formed by Rabindranath Tagore communicates the solidarity of India.

In the next chapter: Diversity and discrimination, you will understand the terms prejudice, stereotype, and discrimination. You will also learn the inequalities that exist in our nation and how India after despite being so diverse is a secular state.

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