Transport In Plants: Class 11 Biology NCERT Chapter 11

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 11 – Transport In Plants

In the previous chapter 10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division, you learnt about Cell cycle and cell division structure the premise of life. In this chapter: Transport In Plants, you will learn about how transportation in plants happen.

You have discovered that they can make their own food and are called as autotrophs. Yet, did you ever think about how this food that is set up in the leaves goes to different pieces of the plant body? How does transportation in plants happen? In spite of the fact that not as intricate as the transportation framework found in creatures, the transportation of crude materials and food in plants happens through a precise system of tissues. Let us comprehend the plant structure alongside the inner vascular structure to know more.

 Quick revision notes

(Transport In Plants: Class 11)

Transportation of plants


Transportation in Plants


The plant body is commonly separated into roots, stem, and leaves. The roots are in the dirt, which is the significant wellspring of supplements in plants. Water and different supplements enter the plant through the roots. The leaves are the food creation focuses. Utilizing the daylight and Carbon dioxide they blend food through photosynthesis in the chloroplasts. 

Presently, food from the leaves needs to arrive at different parts and the water, alongside different supplements needs to arrive at leaves and different parts. The entirety of this happens through the vascular tissues of the plants. This is essentially the transportation in plants. 

Xylem Structure

Vascular Structure

When discussing transportation in plants we should talk about Xylem and Phloem. Xylem and Phloem tissues are available all through the plant. They start at the root and afterward climb to the stem, branches, and leaves. 

The xylem tissue transports water and minerals from the roots to the leaves though the phloem tissue transports food from the leaves to different pieces of the plant. Xylem tissue has tracheids and vessel components. Phloem tissue has partner cells and strainer tubes. 

At the point when happening in plants happens, water gets vanished from the leaves. This outcomes in more water being pulled from the root. This wonder clarifies how water climbs in the plants, against gravity, without the utilization of any siphon! The progression of water in the xylem tissues is unidirectional. It climbs the come from the roots. It involves the focal point of the vascular group. 

The phloem, then again, is answerable for the movement of the supplements like sugars and amino acids from the leaves to different zones of the plants. Here, the stream is bidirectional. It goes here and there the stem. Phloem possesses the edge of the vascular group, as found in the accompanying figure. Food development in the phloem happens because of the weight stream system. The distinctions in the osmotic weight help in the development of food from the zone of high fixation to territories of low focus.


Q: Pick an inappropriate proclamation about xylem tissue.

  1. Xylem cells are dead cells
  2. Xylem transports food.
  3. The flow is unidirectional.
  4. Xylem tissue has tracheids and vessel elements.

Ans: Therefore, Proclamation “b” isn’t right. Xylem transports water.

Q: Happening organ in a plant is which of the accompanying?

  1. Epidermus
  2. Xylem
  3. Cortex
  4. All of the above

Ans: The right answer is “A”. Stomata are a piece of the epidermal framework in plants. Hence, happening happens through stomata in the leaves of the plants.

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