The Making of a Global World: Class 10 History NCERT Chapter 3

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 10 History Chapter 3 – The Making of a Global World

In the last chapter 2, you learned about Nationalism in India. In this chapter: The making of a Global world, you will learn about Globalization. Globalization implies combination of business sectors in the worldwide economy, prompting the expanded interconnectedness of public economies.

 By having a thought of the history of globalization, understudies can exactly comprehend the causes which prompted such social and economic change. The nineteenth-century Industrial Revolution was one of the noteworthy periods in the history of globalization. History Chapter 3 – The Making of a Global World clarifies how globalization has its impact on the world just as Indian economy. These CBSE Class 10 History notes for Chapter 3 assistance understudies to get a short diagram of the apparent multitude of ideas. By alluding to these notes, understudies can review all the fundamental subjects from the part and can rapidly modify the whole segment. 

(The Making of a Global World: Class 10)

Quick Revision notes

Globalization is an economic framework and it develops since 50 years. 

To comprehend the creation of worldwide world we need to comprehend the history of trade, relocation and individuals look for work and the development of capitals. 

The Pre Modern World 

Human social orders have consistently more interlinked. 

Explorers, traders, minister and pioneers voyaged huge separation for conveying merchandise, cash, thoughts, abilities, developments and even germs and ailment. 

Indus Vally civilisation was connected with West Asia. 

Cowries a type of cash from the Maldives. 

Silk Route Link the World 

The silk courses were viewed as the most significant course connecting the removed pieces of the world. 

Courses were existed even before the Christian Era and thrived till the fifteenth century. 

The Buddhist ministers, Christian evangelists and later on Muslim minister used to go by Routes. 

Courses end up being an incredible wellspring of trade and social connections between particular pieces of the world. 

Victory, Disease and Trade: 

In sixteenth century after European mariners found an ocean course to Asia and America. 

The Indian subcontinent had been known for clamoring trade with merchandise, individuals, customs and information. It was a urgent point in their trade organize. 

After the disclosure of America, its immense grounds and plentiful yields and minerals started to change trade and carries on with all over. 

Valuable metals, especially silver from mines situated in Peru and Maxico upgraded Europe’s riches and financed its trade with Asia. 

The Portuguese and Spanish success and colonization of America was in progress. 

The most impressive weapon of the Spanish victors was not a traditional military weapon but rather germs of little pax which they conveyed. 

America’s unique occupants had no insusceptibility against such sort of ailments. 

A World Economy Takes Shape : 

Abrogation of the Corn law. 

Under tension from landowners bunches the legislature limited the import of food grains. 

After the carn laws were rejected, food could be brought into Britain more economically than it could be created in the nation. 

English ranchers couldn’t rival imports. Immense regions of land were left uncultivated. 

As food costs fell, utilization in Britain rose. 

Quicker modern development in Britain prompted higher earnings and more food imports. 

The job of Technology: 

Innovation greatly affected the change of nineteenth century world, for example, Railways, steamship and transmit. 

Innovative advances were frequently the aftereffects of social, political and economic elements. 

The refrigerated ships significantly assisted with shipping the transient food things over a significant distance. 

It incredibly encouraged the shipment of solidified meat from America, Australia Or New Zealand to various European Countries. 

The Nineteenth Century (1815 to 1914) 

In the nineteenth Century, Economic, Political, Social, Cultural and innovative elements associated in complex manners to change social orders and reshape outer relations. 

Contracted Labor Migration from India 

Which means of Indentured Labor 

Obligated work implies a reinforced worker under agreement to work for a business for a particular measure of time. 

It brought higher salary for a few and destitution for other people. 

Reasons for Migration of Indian Indentured Workers 

Most originated from the current day districts of eastern Utter Pradesh, Bihar, Central India and Tamil Nadu. 

These districts of India experienced numerous social changes like bungalow industry declined, land rents rose and the terrains were cleared for mines and manor. 

In nineteenth century agreement depicted as a new arrangement of subjugation. 

Hosay, A wild jubilee in Trinidad when laborers everything being equal and religions join in celebrating. 

The Inter War Economic 

The principal World war was basically battled in Europe. 

During this time, the world experienced economic, political precariousness and another hopeless war. 

The main world war was battled between tow power alliance. On one were the partners – Britan, France, Russia and later joined the US. furthermore, on the contrary side – Germany, Austria, Hungary and Ottoman and Turkey. 

this war went on for a long time. 

Innovative Transformations 

First-time present day weapons like Machine firearm, tanks, airplane, synthetic weapons and so on were utilized for a huge scope. 

A large number of troopers must be enrolled from around the globe. also, a large portion of them were men of working age. 

Bretton Woods Institutions: 

To manage outer surpluses and deficiencies a meeting was held in July 1944 at Bretton woods in New Hampshire, U.S.A. 

Universal Monetary Fund and World Bank were set up to back post war rebuilding. 

The previous war universal economic framework is known as Bretton Woods frameworks. 

This framework depended on fixed trade rates. 

IMF and World Bank are alluded as Bretton Woods Twins.

U.S has a compelling right of veto over key IMF and World Bank. 

The Great gloom 

Components answerable for sorrow 

Agrarian overproduction stayed an issue. It makes the cost of farming items drooping. 

Numerous countries financed their speculation through the credit they got from the USA. 

American business people halted all advances to European countries. 

In Europe, it prompted a disappointment of some significant banks and breakdown of monetary standards like Sterling. 

Multiplying the import obligations by the USA, which hit the world trade seriously. 

New International Economic Order – NIEO 

Most creating countries didn’t profit by the quick development of Western economies in 1950’s and 60’s. 

They sorted out themselves as a gathering. The gathering of 77 or G-77 to request a New International Economic Order (NIEO). 

It was a framework that would give them genuine command over their characteristic assets greater improvement help, more attractive costs for crude materials and better access for their produced products in created countries markets. 

(The Making of a Global World: Class 10)

New Economic Policy In China 

Wages were extremely low in countries like China. 

The ease structure of Chinese economy made its items less expensive. 

China turned into a most loved objective for MNCs to contribute. 

New Economic strategy of China once more into the crease of world Economy. 


Worldwide organizations are enormous organizations that work in a few countries simultaneously. 

The world wide spread of MNCs was a prominent component during the 1950s and 1960s as US business extended worldwide.

High imports duties forced by various governments constrained MNCs to find their assembling units. 


In most recent twenty years, the economy of the world has changed a great deal as countries like China, India and Brazil have accomplished fast economic turn of events.

(The Making of a Global World: Class 10)

REEII ©  All rights reserved.