Rural Administration: Class 6 Civics NCERT Chapter 6

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 – Rural Administration Rural Administration 

In the last chapter 5 of NCERT class 6 civics, you studied Panchayati Raj and How do systems in villages work. In chapter 6 of class 6 NCERT book: Rural Administration, you will learn how police ensure well maintenance of the law and order to make sure peace spreads in society. The police promise a sense of security to the general public by doing this

Quick revision notes

Area of the Police Station

There is a specific region that comes under the police station’s authority. 

The people of that certain area file complaints in their local police station.

→ The complaints could take place for cases of injury, theft, conflict, or accident. 

The work at the Police Station

  • First Information Report is the first lodged report in the police station. (F.I.R.). 
  • All the police stations fall under the Station House Officer (S.H.O.) 
  • To register a case people report a written document at the police station. 

→ Afterwards, the police officers are supposed to investigate the case and take action as per the law. 

 It is an unusual case to witness disputes in rural areas over land.

Maintenance of Land Records

  • The patwari makes sure of mapping land and maintaining land records.
  • The Patwari is also known as Lekhpal,  Kanungo or Karamchari or Village Officer, etc in different villages.

Functions of Patwari 

  • The village records are managed and modernized by the Patwari.
  • The Patwari is also responsible for arranging the number of land income from the farmers and imparting information to the authorities about the vegetation grown in this area.

Work Of a Tehsildar

Tehsildar’s work is to hear the disputes. He also takes lead for the work of the Patwari and makes sure to record are maintained and land revenue is collected. They make sure that the agricultural workers or farmers can get a copy of their record, students can get their caste certificates, etc.

Extra Notes 

1] Police in Rural Administration in India

We can envision there being clashes between individuals with respect to land or steers in towns. How would you think these get explained? How about we take a straightforward model. Consider the possibility that one proprietor is truly brutal towards an agrarian worker for reasons unknown. In cases like these, the worker can approach the closest police headquarters and cabin a grievance against the proprietor. 

This may appear to be basic, yet it’s anything but an ideal picture in many towns of India. By and large, the worker is too frightened to even think about going to the police headquarters as his life and occupation are in danger. Regardless of whether he goes there, the proprietor could control the officials in the police headquarters by paying off them with cash. By and large, the SHO (station head official) is wasteful and furthermore disregards objections by calling them excessively “little” and “irrelevant” for enlistment. Such is the dismal circumstance of provincial organizations in India.

Police in Rural Administration

2] Patwari (Land Measurer)

Let us comprehend the job of a Patwari with a model. Consider the possibility that Ramu and Shamu are two ranchers who have their plots close to one another and don’t have a clue about the limit. They go to the town Patwari to understand their disarray. In this manner, a Patwari is an individual who is accountable for estimating land in Indian towns. 

He holds a record book of subtleties like the guide of the land, the yields that are developed there, the proprietor’s name, and so on. On the off chance that there emerges disarray with respect to the outskirt between two unique plots, the ranchers can move toward the Patwari of the town and get the disarray unravelled. He is ordinarily responsible for a gathering of towns.

3] Tehsildar or Talukdar

We read the work of a Patwari above, however, who holds them under tight restraints? In India, the states are partitioned into the locale and each region further partitioned into zones called Tehsils or Taluks. The top of those zones is separately known as Tehsildar or Talukdar. 

These individuals regulate crafted by littler officials like Patwaris referenced previously. They likewise take a gander at the overall lawfulness of their territories and furthermore illuminate debates that emerge. These officials are additionally accountable for giving our locale declarations to townspeople, similar to a Scheduled Tribe testament.

4] District Collector

These are the officials who are the top of an area in a state who administer the general working of the region. A greater part of them gets the situation by clearing the intense UPSC test for IAS officials. 

We presently perceive how there could be various issues in provincial territories of India. There are different government officials who are accountable for taking care of various issues that emerge.

Question And Answer


Define the ‘Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005’ of chapter 5: Rural Administration.


Ans:  Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005 brings women on a similar level as males. Before the new law, Hindu women did not get a part in the family’s agricultural land, that is, in case the father dies, his property was divided equally only among his sons. However, now the sons, daughters, and their mothers are given an equal share in the land. The same law applies to all states and union territories of the country and gives an advantage to a large number of women.


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