Physical Features of India:Class 9 Geography NCERT Chapter 2

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 – Physical Features of India 

In this Chapter 2:Physical features of india we will study some features of our geographic location.In the previous Chapter 1:India-size and location we have learned and understands the geographic location and size.

Quick revision notes

Since the past 3 years’ assessments, the verifiable inquiries (Very Short Answer Type) have been soliciting pertinent to different physical divisions from India comprising of the accompanying themes : 

  • Location 
  • The Himalayan Mountains 
  • The Northern Plains 
  • The Peninsular Plateau 
  • The Indian Desert 
  • The Coastal Plains 
  • The Islands. 


India has all major physical highlights of the Earth, i.e., mountains, fields, deserts, levels, and islands. 

In India, the dirt shading fluctuates here and there as it is framed from various kinds of rocks. 

India has changed physical highlights whose arrangement can be clarified based on the ‘Hypothesis of Plate Tectonics’. 

As per the hypothesis of Plate Tectonics, the seven significant and minor plates that structure the Earth’s outside continue moving, making pressure and accordingly driving collapsing, blaming and volcanic movement. 

The physical highlights of India can be gathered under the accompanying physiographic divisions: 

  • The Himalayan Mountains or the Northern Mountains 
  • The Northern Plains or the Indo-Gangetic Plains 
  • The Peninsular Plateau 
  • The Great Indian Desert 
  • The Coastal Plains 
  • The Islands 

The Himalayan Mountains 

The Himalayas are youthful overlap mountains which are the loftiest and one of the most tough mountain hindrances of the world. 

The Himalayas are 2400 km long, 400 km to 150 km wide from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh separately. 

The Himalayas have three equal reaches in the longitudinal degree to be specific : 

Incredible or Inner Himalayas additionally called Himadri. 

Center Himalayas or Himachal. 

External Himalayas or Shiwaliks. 

The Himalayas can be partitioned into four areas : 

  • Punjab Himalayas – among Indus and Satluj. 
  • Kumaon Himalayas – among Satluj and Kali. 
  • Nepal Himalayas – among Kali and the Tista. 
  • Assam Himalayas (Eastern Himalayas) – Between Tista and the Dibang (Tsangpo). 

The Northern Plains 

The Northern Plains spread over a zone of 7 lakh sq. km, 240 km long and 240 km to 320 km wide. 

The streams that stream to the fields from the mountains are engaged with depositional work. 

The distinction in alleviation makes the Northern Plains have four districts. 

  • Bhabar – Adjacent to the lower regions of Shiwaliks, a limited 8 to 16 km wide belt of rocks and stones. 
  • Bangar – Older alluvial plain which ascends over the degree of the flood fields. 
  • Khadar – Newer and more youthful alluvial of the flood fields kept by the streams streaming down the plain. 
  • Tarai – Lies neighboring Bhabar district, made out of fresher alluvium and is thickly forested. 

The Peninsular Plateau 

The Peninsular Plateau is the tableland framed because of the breaking and floating of the Gondwanaland. 

The level comprises of two wide divisions, specifically, the Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau

The toward the east expansions of Peninsular Plateau are privately known as Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand. The Chhota Nagpur Plateau denotes the further toward the east augmentation depleted by the Damodar waterway. 

The Deccan Plateau, a three-sided mass, misleads the south of the waterway Narmada. 

The western and eastern edges of the Deccan Plateau are set apart by the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats individually. 

The Western Ghats are higher than the Eastern Ghats

The Malwa Plateau is spread across Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat and inclines towards the 


A particular component of the peninsular level is the dark soil region known as Deccan Trap. 

The Indian Desert 


The undulating sandy plain secured with sand rises towards the western edges of the Aravalli Hills is the Indian Desert. 

Sickle molded hills called barchans spread enormous pieces of the Indian Desert. 

Luni is the main huge stream that ridicules in this area. 

The Coastal Plains 

The limited’ waterfront strips flank the Peninsular Plateau. 

On the west, the waterfront strips are partitioned into Konkan (Mumbai-Goa), Kannada Plain and the Malabar Coast from northern toward the southern part. 

On the east the waterfront strip is partitioned into Northern Circar and the Coromandel Coast from northern to southern part. 

The Islands 

The Lakshadweep Islands bunch in the Arabian Sea is near Kerala. 

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the two island gatherings. Andaman Island comprises of 204 little islands. India’s just dynamic well of lava, Barren Island is arranged here.

(Chapter 2:Physical features of india)

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