New Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 History NCERT Chapter 11
Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 History Chapter 11: New Empires and Kingdoms
In the previous chapter, Traders Kings and Pilgrims of NCERT Book History Class 6, we got an understanding of the trade and traders, new kingdoms along the coasts, the tael of the Silk Route, the method of Buddhism, the journey of the pilgrims, and the origin of Bhakti. In chapter 11 of History class 6 NCERT book; New Empires And Kingdoms Class, we will learn about the Samudragupta’s prashasti, Genealogies, Harshavardhana and the Harshacharita, and many more interesting facts.
Quick Revision Notes
Mamallapuram is known for its solid sanctuaries of the Pallavas. One of the oldest cities in India is Mamallapuram. Basically it is famous for its monuments, cave sanctuaries and sculptures. During the reign of the Pallavan king, the Shore Temple of Mamallapuram was built by king Rajasimha/Narasimhavarman II. The picture of Mamallapuram Temple is given below.
In the mid-seventh century, Harshavardhan turned into the leader of Thanesar. Data about Harsha’s reign is additionally accessible in Harsha’s memoir Harshacharita, composed by Banabhatta. The Chinese explorer Xuan Zang invested a great deal of energy in the court of Harsha.
Rulers in South India
After the decay of the Satavahanas, there emerged littler realms in the South. Of these, the Chalukyas and the Pallavas were the significant ones. the Pallavas and the Chalukyas did Vedic sacrifices and offered the Brahmanas. A conflict was there between them due to plunder, prestige and territorial resources.
Prashasti of Samudragupta
Samudragupta was a celebrated leader of the Gupta administration. Allahabad column engraving is a Prashasti on Samudragupta’s military accomplishments. The sonnet was made in Sanskrit by Harishena, Court Poet. The writer applauded the King as a warrior and equivalent to God.
Prashastis and Different Ruler
The Prashasti portrayed four various types of rulers and Samudragupta’s strategies towards them. These are :
The leaders of Aryavarta.
The leaders of Dakshinapatha.
Neighbouring states like Assam, Coastal Bengal and Nepal.
States managed by the relatives of the Kushanas.
Prashasti is a Sanskrit word, signifying ‘in recognition of’. Prashastis are long engravings, written in commendation of the rulers. From the hour of the Guptas, Prashastis turned out to be significant.
Raichur Doab was the ultimate focus of the Chalukya realm. Between the streams Krishna and Tungabhadra the Raichur Doab is situated. Their capital was at Vatapi. Pulakeshin II was a renowned ruler of this line. We think about him from a sonnet made by his court writer Ravikirti.
The realm of the Pallavas was in the far South. They managed between the mid-sixth to the eighth century. The capital of the Pallavas was Kanchipuram, around the Kaveri delta in present Tamil Nadu.
Fa Xian was a Chinese pioneer. He visited India and Sri Lanka. He is the most known for his journey to Lumbini, the origination of Lord Buddha.
A Prashasti is a Sanskrit word which signifies ‘in commendation of. Despite the fact that the organization of prashastis was not another thing, it got well known distinctly from the hour of the Guptas.
In Samudragupta’s prashasti the writer portrayed the ruler as equivalent to the divine beings.
Most prashastis noticed the progenitors of the ruler. Let’s take an example, there is one prashasti that makes reference to Samudragupta’s incredible granddad, granddad, father and mother.
Harshavardhana governed Thanesar around 1400 years back. Harshavardhana started to rule over Kanauj after this brother by marriage was murdered.
Toward the start of his standard, he stayed fruitful, however, at last, his prosperity didn’t stay long.
The’ Pallavas and Chalukyas were significant decision traditions in South India.
The well known Chalukya ruler was Pulakeshin II. His court writer Ravikirti formed sonnets in his applause. It was Pulakeshin II who checked the development of Harsha.
Land income stayed significant for the rulers.
The armed forces of a different kind were developed. Rulers kept up an efficient armed force with elephants, chariots, mounted force and troopers alongside military pioneers.
The Sabha (a get together of brahmin landowners) was incorporated were there by the nearby congregations. Ur was a town get together that existed in territories where the landowners were not brahmins Nagaram was an association of shippers.
The state of standard individuals was bad.
Untouchables were not used to be rewarded well.
It artistic methods the course prompting the south. This is how this term alluded to the whole southern area.
It implies a rundown of predecessors.
It alluded to a significant clergyman. It is a Sanskrit word which means official executives
It alluded to the boss legal official.
It was the term which was utilized for the central investor or shipper of the city.
It is a Sanskrit word which signifies ‘in commendation of. The court writers used to laud their rulers in shining terms.
This work alluded to the central skilled worker.
It implied a priest of war and harmony.
The term utilized for the pioneer of the vendor convoys.
Around 1700 years prior – start of the Gupta administration.
Around 1400 years prior – the standard of Harshavardhana.