Natural Vegetation and Wildlife: Class 7 Geography NCERT Chapter 6

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 Geography Chapter 6 –  Natural Vegetation and Wild Life

In the last chapter 5, you all learned about Water. In this chapter, you will learn about Natural Vegetation and Wildlife.

Quick revision notes

Natural vegetation implies the plants that develop naturally without human obstruction. 

Natural vegetation can be classified into three classifications to be specific; forest, field and desert. 

The adjustment in the sort of natural vegetation happens basically in view of the progressions of climatic conditions. 


  • Forests develop where temperature and precipitation are copious to help a tree spread. 
  • Forests are of six sorts: Tropical Evergreen, Tropical Deciduous, Temperate Evergreen, Temperate Deciduous, Mediterranean Vegetation, and Coniferous forests. 
  • Tropical Evergreen Forests are those which happen in the area close to the equator and near the tropics. 
  • Tropical Deciduous Forests are rainstorm forests which shed their leaves in the dry season to save water. 
  • Calm Evergreen Forests are situated in the mid-latitudinal beach front area. 
  • Calm Deciduous Forests are those which shed their leaves in the dry season. 
  • Mediterranean Vegetation is found around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. 
  • CThorny Bushes 
  • Prickly shrubberies are found in the dry desert-like areas. 
  • These are found in regions with meager downpour and singing warmth. 

Tundra Vegetation 

  • Greeneries, lichens and exceptionally little Shrubs are found in chilly locales. This is called tundra type vegetation. 
  • It is found in polar zones. 

Trees, grass, lichen, greeneries, and so on that develop naturally without human impedance establish natural vegetation. 

The development of natural vegetation relies upon temperature and dampness. It likewise relies upon components, for example, incline and thickness of soil. 

Natural vegetation is ordered into three classes—forests, meadows and bushes. 

The adjustments in the sort of natural vegetation happen principally in light of the progressions in climatic condition. 

Forests develop where temperature and precipitation are abundant to help a tree spread. Forests might be thick and open. 

Tropical evergreen forests otherwise called tropical rainforests are thick and are found in the districts close to the equator and near the tropics. Hardwood trees, for example, rosewood, black, mahogany are basic here. 

Tropical deciduous forests are storm forests. They are found in the enormous piece of India, Northern Australia and in Central America. They shed their leaves in dry seasons. Sal, teak, neem, and shisham trees can be found here. 

Mild evergreen forests are regularly found along the eastern edge of the mainlands. In these forests both hard and softwood trees, for example, oak, pine, eucalyptus, and so forth are found. 

Mild deciduous forests are found in the northeastern piece of USA, China, New Zealand and Chile. They shed their leaves in the dry season. Trees like oak, debris, beech and so on and creatures like deer, foxes, wolves are basic in these forests. 

Mediterranean vegetation is generally found in the regions around the Mediterranean ocean in Europe, Africa and Asia. Mediterranean vegetation is predominantly included citrus natural products, for example, oranges, figs, olives and grapes. 

Coniferous forests are otherwise called Traga. These forests are found in the higher scopes of Northern half of the globe. They are likewise found in the higher elevations. The trees are tall, softwood evergreen trees. Chir, pine, cedar is a significant assortment of trees in these forests. Creatures, for example, silver fox, mink, polar bear are normal here. 

Meadows incorporate tropical and mild fields. Tropical fields develop in the zones of moderate to low measure of precipitation. Savannah fields of Africa present an appropriate case of these kinds of meadows. Creatures like elephants, zebras, giraffes, dear are usually found here. 

Calm fields are found in the mid-latitudinal zones and in the inside aspect of the mainlands. Short and nutritious grass in discovered here. Normal creatures are wild oxen, buffalo, elands and so forth. 

Prickly hedges are found in the dry deserts. Here, vegetation spread is scant on account of helpless downpour and searing warmth. 

Polar districts are cold and their natural vegetation is restricted here. Just greeneries, lichens and minuscule bushes are found here. Vegetation found in the polar districts is called Tundra sort of vegetation. Seal, walruses, musk-bulls, Arctic owl and so forth are normal here. 


Natural vegetation: Trees, grass, lichens, greeneries, and so forth that develop naturally without the obstruction of individuals are called natural vegetation. 

Forests: They develop where temperature and precipitation are abundant to help a tree spread. Forests might be thick and open. 

Fields: They develop in the locale of moderate downpour. 

Bushes: These comprises of prickly bushes and cleans. 

Boa constrictor: It is one of the world’s biggest snakes found in the tropical rainforest. Taiga. It implies unadulterated or immaculate in the Russian language.

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