Markets Around Us Class 7 Civics NCERT Chapter 7

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 Civics Chapter 7 – Markets Around Us

In the previous chapter 6, You learnt about the media and the role media plays in our society. You understood how media shapes our minds. In chapter 7: Markets around us, you will study different markets like weekly market, shops in the neighbourhood, shopping complexes etc. You will also learn how goods reach the market.

Quick revision notes 

The benefit earned by various market differs. It relies upon the kind of venture made by merchant and purchasing limit of the client. In present occasions, merchandise is additionally sold by web-based marketing and home conveyance. 

Weekly Market 

A weekly market is alleged in light of the fact that it is hung on a particular day of the week. Shops might be changeless or vendor type. They give various products and now and then even using a credit card. There are a large number of such markets in India. Individuals come here for their ordinary prerequisites. Merchants set up looks for the afternoon and afterwards close them up at night. Numerous things are accessible in a weekly market at less expensive rates. Weekly markets even have countless shops selling similar products which imply there is opposition among them. One favourable position of weekly markets is that the greater part of the things of need is accessible in one spot. 

Weekly Market: Markets Around Us

Several things in weekly markets are available at cheaper rates because:

Various things in step by step exhibits are open at more affordable rates considering the way that: 

They don’t have shops or unchanging structures. Subsequently, they don’t have to pay rent, power, and various expenses. 

They don’t have to pay wages to their workers. 

They have a tremendous number of merchants selling a comparable product. Along these lines, if someone is selling the things at a low worth, people will jump at the chance to buy from it. 

One of the upsides of consistent grandstands is that most things are available in one spot, for instance, vegetables, staple merchandise, texture things, or utensils

Shops in the Neighborhood 

There are numerous shops that sell merchandise and ventures in our neighbourhood. We may purchase milk from the dairy, staple from the departmental stores, and so on. These shops are helpful as they are close to our home and we can go there at any time. 

Shopping Complexes 

There are different markets in the urban region which have numerous shops at one spot called a shopping complex. In numerous urban regions, we additionally have multi-celebrated cooled structures with shops on various floors as shopping centres. Shopping centres sell marked and non-marked products and put an enormous measure of cash in their shops. 

Shopping Mall: Markets Around Us

Chain of Markets 

The individuals in the middle of the maker and the last customer are merchants. The individual who produces products in the maker. The individual who purchases merchandise from him is the distributor. The distributor offers it to the merchants who offer it to the customer. This broker is known as the retailerThe retailer could be a broker in a weekly market, a seller, neighbourhood retailer in the shopping complex, and so forth. 

Markets Everywhere 

All markets work in a space in a specific way and time. Purchasing and selling occur in various manners, not really through shops in the market. 

A lot of us markets are there that we may not know about. This is on the grounds that countless products that we don’t utilize straightforwardly are likewise purchased and sold. For instance, a vehicle manufacturing plant buys a motor, parts, gears, petroleum tanks, axles, wheels, and so forth from different processing plants. We, in any case, don’t become more acquainted with about either the makers or the dealers engaged with it. 

A market is where we go to purchase numerous things, for example, rice, toothpaste, garments, scratchpad, bread, and so forth. There are numerous sorts of markets—shops, seller’s slow down in our neighbourhood, a weekly market, shopping complex and shopping centre. 

Weekly market: It is hung on a particular day of the week. Such markets don’t have lasting shops. Merchants set up looks for the afternoon and afterwards close them up at night. Things in weekly markets are accessible at less expensive rates. We can deal without any problem. Another component of these markets is that the greater part of the things that we need are accessible at one spot. 

We additionally discover shops in our neighbourhoods. These shops sell things of everyday use. We may purchase milk from the dairy, goods from departmental stores, writing material, eatables or drugs from different shops. Shops in the area might be perpetual and side of the road slows down. Neighbourhood shops are exceptionally valuable. As the purchaser and vendor know one another, these shops likewise give merchandise using a loan. 

Aside from these markets, there are shopping buildings and shopping centres too which are typically found in urban regions. These urban shops are huge multi-storeyed cooled structures where one can get both marked and non-marked merchandise. Marked merchandise is costly and in this manner, an exceptionally little gathering of individuals can stand to get them. These shops are normally not implied for the average citizens. 

The merchandise that we buy in various sorts of shops is created in manufacturing plants, on ranches, and in homes. In any case, we don’t accept legitimately from the manufacturing plant or from the ranch. The makers are likewise not keen on selling us little amounts. 

The broker comes in the middle of the purchaser and the maker. The discount broker purchases merchandise in colossal amounts from the maker and afterwards he offers these products to the retailers. These retailers at long last offer various articles to customers. In this manner, it is through these connections of merchants that products reach faraway places.

This is the age of the Internet. One of the significant advantages of the Internet is that we can purchase things of our need without heading off to the market. We can put orders for an assortment of things through the telephone and the Internet and the products are conveyed at our home. 

Clinical agents are likewise occupied with the selling of products. In this way, purchasing and selling occur in various ways. 

Additional markets

There are additional markets that we may not know about. This is on the grounds that an enormous number of merchandise is purchased and sold that we don’t utilize legitimately. A vehicle processing plant buys motors, gears, petroleum tanks, wheels, and so on from different industrial facilities. We don’t for the most part observe these sorts of purchasing and selling. 

There is an extraordinary distinction between the retailers in a weekly market and those in a shopping complex. The retailers in a weekly market are small brokers with minimal expenditure to run the shop yet the proprietors of shopping buildings or malls are enormous representative, with a great deal of cash. 

One thing is evident that the weekly market dealer acquires little contrasted with the profit of a customary retailer in a shopping complex. Along these lines, we don’t see uniformity in market places. 

Along these lines, far purchasers are concerned, they are likewise not in any way equivalent. There are numerous who can’t bear to purchase even the least expensive products while others are occupied with shopping in wonderful malls. 


A Market is where purchasing and selling occur. 

Weekly Market:

It is hung on a particular day of the week. Such markets don’t have perpetual shops. 


It is a huge multi-storeyed cooled working with shops on various floors. Malls are found in urban territories. 

Chain of Market:

A progression of markets that are associated like connections in a chain since merchandise or items go starting with one market then onto the next. 


The merchant who purchases an item in colossal amounts from the makers, and offers this item to small brokers, for example, retailers 


The broker who purchases merchandise from the wholesaler in small amount and offers this to the customer.

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