Key Elements Of A Democratic Government: Class 6 Civics NCERT Chapter 4

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 Civics Chapter 4 – Key Elements Of A Democratic Government 

In the last chapter 3: what is government? We studied that government is a governing body that makes decisions and works with the motive of the welfare of its citizens. We also looked at different types of government. In this chapter of NCERT class 6 civics: Key Elements Of A Democratic Government, we will look closely at the democratic government.

A Democratic government – Meaning 

Democracy is a rule by the people of the country. People themselves run the country by participating in the making of these rules.  Here, you will find the study material for Class 6 Civics from Chapter 4: Key Elements of a Democratic Government from the book “Social and Political Life”.

Quick revision notes


 Through Voting

 In a country, citizens make decisions in a democracy. Through voting in elections, people determine the leaders represent them.

→ These representatives make alternatives on behalf of citizens.

More Approaches to participate

By showing interest in the work of the government

  • People participate through having sight of the authority’s work and by criticizing it at the same time as needed.
  • They can lengthen their expressions and thoughts by protests, dharnas, strikes, signature campaigns, etc.
  • Media sources such as newspapers, magazines, and TV also play an imperative section in disclosing problems and obligations that come below the authorities.

Social Movements

People participate in managing and leading social movements that question the work that the functioning government.

 Key Elements Of A Democratic Government: Social Elements

Religious processions

At times, conflicts appear from religious procession and celebration.

The police are liable for making sure of a violence-free society.

Equality and Justice

  • Equality and justice hang by the same thread.
  • Untouchability, a practice that used to be practised earlier bu superstitious people is now banned with the aid of the law.

Need to Resolve Conflict

It is seen that conflicts can prompt violence and death when one gathering concludes that it is OK to utilize power to keep the other gathering from protesting. Conflicts emerge when individuals of different societies, cultures, religions, areas or economic backgrounds don’t coexist with one another, or when some among them feel they are being discriminated. Individuals may utilize fierce techniques to settle their disparities, causing fear and pressure among others living in society. The Government is answerable for settling conflicts. Religious parades and festivities also lead to conflicts here and there. For instance, the way a parade takes may lead to a conflict. The legislature, especially the police, have a significant job in getting representatives of concerned groups to meet and attempt and come to a mutual solution. There is also fear that violence may erupt, with individuals tossing stones or attempting to disturb the parade. The police are accountable for guaranteeing that brutality doesn’t happen.

In the interim, rivers also can turn into a reason of conflict between states in the event that it starts in a single state, courses through another and closes in a third. Sharing of river water between various states that the stream experiences can turn into an issue of conflict. For instance, The Cauvery Water dispute that broke out among Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is an example. The starting points of a lawful disagreement regarding Cauvery waters go back to 1892 and by the last part of the 1960s, the two states and the Central government started to understand the gravity of the circumstance as the 50-year run of the 1924 agreement was soon reaching a conclusion.

The water stored in Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Karnataka was utilized for irrigating various regions and for addressing the requirements of the city of Bengaluru. Simultaneously, the water stored in Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu was utilized for crops developed in the delta district of that state. A conflict emerged in light of the fact that the two dams are on a similar river. The downstream dam in Tamil Nadu must be filled if the water is delivered from the upstream one situated in Karnataka leading water shortage in one state, as the two states can’t get as much water as they require for individuals in their states. This causes conflict. The central government needs to step in to see that a reasonable dispersion is worked out for the two states.

Key Elements Of A Democratic Government

Extra Notes 

The End of Racial Discrimination 

The mainland of South Africa is in close by closeness to the Asian subcontinent. 

For over about 60 years in the later piece of the twentieth century, South Africa was in the news for the act of politically-sanctioned racial segregation or racial separation. 

The greater part of the South African populace comprised of the blacks. The white pioneers followed an arrangement of heartless and hardhearted concealment towards the dark lion’s share. 

Following quite a few years of ceaseless battle and battles, the approach of racial segregation towards the blacks reached a conclusion in 1994. Nelson Mandela was confirmed as a dark President.


  1. How might an individual’s life be distinctive in South Africa today? 

Ans: Today, South Africa is a free country. The politically-sanctioned racial segregation law is dead in this nation. There is no more segregation based on skin shading. Along these lines, Maya can appreciate equivalent status in present South Africa. She no longer needs to endure the affront of being treated as the peon.



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