India – Size and Location:Class 9 Geography NCERT Chapter 1

Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 –   India: Size and Location

In this Chapter 1:India-size and location we will study and understand the geographic location and size.In the next chapter 2:Physical features of india we will study some features ofour geographic location.

Quick revision notes

The accompanying themes from this section are being featured the most in the past long term’s assessments and accordingly hold noteworthy significance. 

A significant point is that lone real inquiries have been posed from this section (Very Short Answer Type). 

For instance, the latitudinal and longitudinal augmentation of India, neighboring nations of India and so forth. 

  • Location of India 
  • Size of India 
  • India and the World 
  • Neighbors of India. 


India lies completely in the Northern Hemisphere

India’s territory reaches out somewhere in the range of 8°4’N and 37°6’N scopes, and 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes. 

The Tropic of Cancer (23°30’N) isolates India into two practically equivalent parts. 

The northernmost purpose of India which is under Indian organization is close Indira Col, Siachen Glacier. 

The southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Nicobar Island. 


Covering an area of 3.28 million square kilometers, India’s absolute area is 2.4% of the all out topographical area of the world. 

India is the world’s seventh biggest nation with a land limit of around 15,200 km, with absolute length of the coastline being 7,516.6 km. 

India’s East-West degree has all the earmarks of being littler than the north-south degree. 

India and The World 

The Indian landmass is midway situated among West and East Asia. 

India’s distending Deccan Peninsula helped India to set up close contacts with West Asia, Africa and Europe, South-East and East Asia. 

India’s contacts with the world by means of land courses are substantially more than Its sea contacts. 

India has contributed a great deal to the world in types of thoughts, methods of reasoning (Upanishads, Ramayana, Panchtantra) and in arithmetic (Indian numerals and decimal framework, polynomial math, geometry and analytics). 

In return, India’s engineering was affected by Greek model and compositional styles from West Asia. 

Physical Background of India 

India has a land boondocks of 15,200 km. The absolute length of the coastline of the territory, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km. India imparts its outskirt to seven nations Afghanistan and Pakistan toward the North-West, China, Bhutan and Nepal toward the north, Myanmar to the far East and Bangladesh toward the east. The two nations connected with water outskirts are Sri Lanka (from the south-east) and Maldives (from the south-west). 

India has the third-biggest global fringe on the planet after China and Russia, and furthermore the most touchy outskirt of the World that differs from outrageous climatic conditions to penetration. 

The previously mentioned rundown of India’s neighboring nations is asked in numerous serious tests, so competitors need to peruse it completely. 

Topographical Area of India 

The topography of India is amazingly assorted, with scene running from snow-topped mountain reaches to deserts, fields, slopes and levels. India contains the vast majority of the Indian subcontinent arranged on the Indian Plate, the northerly part of the Indo-Australian Plate. Having a coastline of more than 7,000 km (4,300 miles), the majority of India lies on a landmass in southern Asia that juts into the Indian Ocean. India is limited in the southwest by the Arabian Sea and in the southeast by the Bay of Bengal. 

India’s Neighbours 

India has a significant situation in South Asia and has 29 States and 7 Union Territories. 


India imparts its limits to Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. 

The southern neighbors over the ocean comprise of the two island nations, in particular Maldives and Sri Lanka. 

India stands separated from the remainder of Asia and is known as a sub-mainland.

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