Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War: Class 6 History NCERT Chapter 8
Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 6 History Chapter 8 – Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War
In previous chapter 7, we studied how Buddha and Mahavira attained enlightenment and how they spread their knowledge and learning about the real meaning of life to common people. In Chapter 8 of NCERT Class 6 History: Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War, We will know more about Ashoka who was one of the greatest rulers known to history, his inscriptions which were inscribed on pillars, as well as on rock surfaces. We will also study his ideologies and empire.
Quick revision notes
Ashoka, a Unique emperor who gave up war: Ashoka was the primary ruler throughout the entire existence of the world, who offered headings to the individuals through engravings. However, the greater part of Ashoka’s engravings were in Prakrit and were written in Brahmi script.
An exceptionally large kingdom is an empire
Ashoka was perhaps the best leader of a history controlled empire established by his granddad, Chandragupta Maurya more than 2300 years ago. He was upheld by an astute man named Chanakya or Kautilya. Chanakya’s thoughts were written in the Arthashastra. Also, There were a few urban communities in the empire (set apart with dark spots on the map), which incorporated the capital Pataliputra, Taxila, and Ujjain just as Taxila, a gateway toward the northwest, including Central Asia. Ujjain lay on the way from north to south India. Moreover, merchants, authorities and craftsperson where the people who lived in these cities. In different zones, there were towns of farmers and herders. In central India, there were forests where individuals gathered forest products and hunted creatures for food. Individuals in various pieces of the empire communicated in various dialects and ate various types of food. They also wore various types of garments.
Ashoka’s war in Kalinga
Kalinga was the ancient name of given to coastal Orissa. Ashoka battled a war to overcome Kalinga. He was alarmed when he saw the viciousness and slaughter thus chose not to battle further wars. He is the only ruler in the history of the world who surrendered success after winning a war.
These were the arrangement of directions given by Ashoka to his subjects, which were motivated by Buddha’s lessons. He named authorities and Dhamma Mahamatta, who showed individuals ‘dhamma’, which was one of the approaches to make the general public a superior one.
The Capital City:
We come to think about the capital through Megasthenes, who was a diplomat sent to the court of Chandragupta by the Greek leader of West Asia, Seleucus Nicator.
Ashoka’s Messages to his Subjects:
Ashoka got his messages recorded on rocks and columns. Also, he sent delivery people to spread the Dhamma to different terrains, for example, Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka.
The First Empire:
Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan Empire around 2300 years prior. He was upheld by Chanakya or Kautilya whose thoughts were recorded in a book called Arthashastra. He established a domain over 2300 years back. His grandson Ashoka controlled the realm later.
Chandragupta was upheld by an astute man called Chanakya or Kautilya who composed a book Arthashastra.
Also, the Mauryan domain had a few significant urban communities like the capital Pataliputra, Taxila, Ujjain, and so on.
The zone adjoining the capital was under the immediate control of the ruler. Authorities were accustomed to gathering charges. There were different territories or regions which had their own commonplace capitals. As indicated by Arthashastra, the northwest was significant for covers, and south India for gold and valuable stones.
The most well known of the Mauryan heads was Ashoka. He sent his message to the overall population through engravings written in Prakrit (in Brahmi content).
Ashoka battled a war in the journey to vanquish Kalinga (present-day Orissa). In any case, the brutality and carnage in the war contacted him and he turned into the main ruler who surrendered success perpetually in the wake of winning a war.
Ashoka accepted he had an obligation to train his subjects, which he did through his ‘DHAMMA’. He was a Buddhist and he delegated authorities called as ‘DHAMMA MAHAMATTA’ who went to places showing individuals ‘DHAMMA’. He got his messages recorded on rocks and columns also.
Ashoka constructed streets, burrowed wells, and assembled rest-houses. So, he masterminded the treatment of unwell people and creatures.
The Lion Capital
The Rampurwa Bull
It was a content used to compose engraving in Ashoka’s time.
Ashoka’s thoughts which he needed to use to teach his subjects were called the ‘dhamma’.
The authorities Ashoka sent here and there to show the individuals his ‘dhamma’ were called ‘dhamma mahamatta’.
Chanakya’s book ‘Arthashastra’ contains his thoughts. The word signifies ‘financial aspects’.
Around 2300 years prior (around 300 B.C.) –
Chandragupta Maurya established the Maurya realm.
273 B.C. –
Ashoka’s locale started.
232 B.C. –
185 B.C. –
the finish of the Mauryan realm.